The process of growing a citrus garden is highly dependent on the weather conditions in that particular area. The perfect climate in which to grow citrus trees will be mild winters and warm to hot summers. In order for citrus gardens to survive in colder areas, make sure that the area is well sheltered from frost and cold winds. Citrus can also grow in dry conditions provided excellent water irrigation is maintained.
Growing Citrus Fruit Trees
Citrus fruit trees can be planted at any time during the year and can be found being sold in containers now days. If you are living in a cold region it would be best if you planted your citrus plants in spring or early summer. The reason this should be done is to give the citrus tree enough time to establish itself before winter.
- Citrus fruit trees are known to grow well in light, loamy soil as they prefer good drainage.
- When planting your citrus tree be sure to dig the planting hole a bit wider than that of the container containing the citrus tree.
- When planting the citrus tree make sure that the soil is slightly more than the level of the ground. Always remember to fill the planting hole with a good garden soil and compost. Make sure that the tree is firmly planted, thereafter make a wide, shallow basin around it and water the tree well.
- In some areas that can be very windy at time. It is best to stake the young trees.
- Mulching the tree with compost is very important for the growth of the tree. Keep the compost from the stems of the tree, if not water could get onto the stems and cause stem rot.
- Remember in order for your citrus tree to bear well it needs regular watering and fertilizing. It is important that the tree receives a lot of citrus tree care and water during the time the flowers are setting and fruits start developing. A lack of water around this time can lead to a bad fruit set and you would not want that after your hard work. Always remember never allow your tree to dry out during the remainder of the year.
Grow Citrus Tree: Dwarf Citrus
Dwarf citrus trees are small and remarkably easy to grow and can be grown indoors with a lack of trouble. There are however a few things to note when planting your dwarf citrus tree.
- Make sure that the pot size is correct. The pot size will vary depending on the age of the tree, a 1 year old tree usually requires a pot that is 6 to 9. However as the tree gets older the size of the pot will change, mature trees usually require a 16 to 20 diameter pot.
- Always make sure your you have enough drainage holes. When filling the pot with soil, be sure to use ¾ light, well drained commercial soil for best results. When filling the soil into the pot ensure that all the roots are covered in soil, spread the roots across the soil.
- It would also be best if you place the pot on a saucer of pebbles, this will allow air and water to flow through the roots easy.
- Also add a fertilizer that has a 2-1-1 ratio for best results and remember to water thoroughly.
- Sunlight is the order of the day so make sure your tree gets around 8 to 12 hours of sunlight per day.
Citrus Tree Diseases
Citrus tree diseases can be a nightmare and as a result citrus tree care is very important if you want to manage your citrus tree well. You will find many diseases that can affect citrus trees, namely Citrus canker, Melanose, Greasy spot and Sooty mold.
- The best way to deal with these citrus tree diseases would be, in the case of citrus canker, which is a highly contagious disease which causes yellow halo- like lesions or scabs on fruit, to use Liquid copper fungicide which works well with this disease.
- Melanose is a disease where by a fungus infection takes over the fruit, prompt pruning is the best way to combat this disease.
- Greasy spot is also a fungus disease, the signs of this disease can be seen by yellowish- brownish blisters spots on leaves. To control this disease collect and remove all fallen leaves, this reduces the chance of new spores.
- Sooty mold is another fungus that is a problem to citrus, it causes blackening of the leaves. Insect control is the best way of controlling this citrus disease.
If you have a citrus disease it is not the end of the world, use this information and others to help control the spread of the disease.
Citrus gardening is a pleasure, understanding how to go about citrus gardening is the key to having a fabulous gardening experience. Follow the easy steps and you will be sure to have a beautiful citrus garden.